Data by Topic

How is "kin" defined?

Data Source: The data in the "Kinship Care Policies" section were compiled from the 2007 Casey Kinship Foster Care Policy Survey.  For additional information on state laws and legislation related to kin caregivers, please visit the Grandfamilies State Law and Policy Resource Center, at:  http://www.grandfamilies.org/

With the passage of the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act in 2008, states are now able to access federal funds for eligible children to support Kinship / Guardianship Assistance Programs (GAP) by submitting a IV-E plan amendment to the Administration for Children and Families.

Due to this many of the kinship policies in these states (as reported under the "Kinship Care Policies" section) may have changed. For a list of states that have received federal approval for their IV-E plan amendment to provide GAP, see here.

A broad definition of kin is defined as relatives AND other kin having the same treatment in all engagement with the child welfare agency, with the exception of preference for placement.

A narrow definition is defined as relatives (only those related by blood, marriage, or adoption) being treated differently than other kin (godparents, neighbors, etc.).

Please see the Glossary for more information on commonly used definitions of kinship care and kinship foster care.

State Category
Alabama State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Alaska State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Arizona State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Arkansas State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
California State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Colorado State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Connecticut State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Delaware State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
District of Columbia State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Florida State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Georgia No set policy on definition of kin (3 states)
Hawaii State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Idaho State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Illinois State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Indiana State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Iowa State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Kansas State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Kentucky State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Louisiana State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Maine State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Maryland State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Massachusetts State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Michigan State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Minnesota State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Mississippi No set policy on definition of kin (3 states)
Missouri State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Montana State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Nebraska State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Nevada State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
New Hampshire State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
New Jersey State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
New Mexico State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
New York State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
North Carolina State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
North Dakota State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Ohio State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Oklahoma State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Oregon State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Pennsylvania State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Rhode Island State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
South Carolina No set policy on definition of kin (3 states)
South Dakota State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Tennessee State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Texas State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Utah State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Vermont State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Virginia State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Washington State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
West Virginia State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)
Wisconsin State uses narrow definition of kin (18 states)
Wyoming State uses broad definition of kin (30 states)